International Development Law Organization

Mongolia

English

Landlocked and traditionally isolated, Mongolia possesses a great wealth of under-exploited natural resources, including gold, silver and copper, as well as 10% of the world's known coal reserves. Although the country is peaceful and politically stable, corruption, insufficient transparency in government affairs, and an ambiguous foreign investment legal framework have undermined its capacity to fully capitalize on its economic potential.

MONGOLIA: Child-Friendly Environment

This sub-project aims to create a child-friendly school environment by working with schoolteachers and workers to enhance their capacity to deliver quality services to children. In order to increase knowledge and understanding of gender-based violence (GBV) and domestic violence (DV) among teachers, workers and children, Setgeliin Goyol NGO is delivering a series of training sessions on GBV/DV prevention and awareness in schools in the Zavkhan province.

MONGOLIA: Let's Change Attitudes and Extend Our Love

The sub-project aimed to enhance the capacity of high-risk groups and the general public on domestic violence (DV), gender-based violence-related issues and relevant legal provisions. In order to raise awareness and increase knowledge on human rights and DV, the National Center Against Violence (NCAV - Uvurkhangai Branch) delivered a series of training sessions to paralegals on the Law Combatting Domestic Violence (2017) and provided support in the organization of awareness-raising and advocacy activities for people at risk of DV through local media campaigns.

MONGOLIA: Equal Opportunity for Every Family

This sub-project aimed to improve knowledge and access to information for women and children on gender-based violence (GBV) and their rights, and improve the accessibility of legal services for GBV victims. The United Force Against Violence (UFAV) conducted a multi-stakeholder consultation on how to strengthen violence prevention, victim protection and accessibility of legal services and is delivering recommendations to relevant Government actors and non-governmental organizations.

MONGOLIA: Prevent Domestic Violence to Strengthen Local Women through Providing Legal Knowledge

This sub-project aimed to prevent domestic violence in Mongolia by raising awareness on the characteristics of domestic violence, psychosocial features of a victim/survivor, and related legal knowledge among local women. Beautiful Hearts, in cooperation with Authority of Family, Child, and Youth Development, strengthened cooperation between paralegal organizations in the Tuv province; delivered capacity development sessions for paralegals on human rights and gender equality and supported their advocacy activities targeting local girls and women.

MONGOLIA: Promoting the Law on Combating Domestic Violence (2016): Increasing Awareness and Knowledge

The sub-project aimed to increase knowledge among the elderly on how to exercise their legitimate rights to prevent domestic violence (DV) and to restore their rights in the event of becoming a victim of any form of violence. MAEP delivered a series of training sessions to social workers on strengthening the provision of legal aid to the elderly in cases of DV, developing a database of consultants for the provision of legal services, and raising awareness on the available legal and social services among local communities in Ulaanbaatar city and Dakhan province.

MONGOLIA: Against Domestic Violence

This sub-project sought to strengthen multidisciplinary team activities in providing victims of domestic violence with basic legal counseling and intermediary services.  The Implementing Partner delivered a series of training sessions on domestic violence prevention and available referral services, organized focus group discussions and awareness-raising activities for community members of the Jargalant soum, Khovd aimag, to increase their knowledge

MONGOLIA: Let's Know Your Rights and Let's Recognize Your Rights, Project for Women with Disability

The sub-project seeks to enhance the quality and accessibility to legal assistance by disabled female survivors of domestic violence (DV), and those who are or at risk of experiencing DV. The Mongolian National Association for Wheelchair Users (MNAWU) is delivering a training session on social models of disability and human rights to police officers; supporting disabled paralegals in developing a training and service plan; and facilitating consultation and mediation services for sub-project beneficiaries at the One-Stop Centers in the cities of Ulaanbaatar and Darkhan.

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Key Initiatives

  • The COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to contain it have had severe and long-lasting impacts on Mongolia. Though prevention and containment measures have successfully prevented a large-scale health crisis, extended lockdowns have negatively affected children’s access to education, psychological and physical wellbeing and reduced the capacity of the Mongolian justice system to respond to crimes against children.
  • Legal reform and institutional capacity building have been priorities for the Government of Mongolia since 2005, when a specific Government Agency for Fair Competition and Consumer Protection was established. However, the Government Agency for Fair Competition and Consumer Protection still has institutional weaknesses and has not always been able to effectively implement changes of the legal framework. ​
  • The Government of Mongolia has taken a number of legislative and policy steps aimed at tackling domestic violence. While the new legal framework undeniably offers an improved, holistic and more victim-centered approach, its practical implementation and adherence to ensuring the needs of victims requires significant technical assistance, ongoing monitoring, and effective coordination among all the relevant actors.
  • As part of IDLO’s continuous commitment to accountability and results-based management, IDLO is pleased to share this Evaluation Brief (summarised evaluation report): “Strengthening Enforcement of Court Decisions in Mongolia - Phase I and II”. The evaluation has been conducted by independent evaluation experts, supervised by IDLO’s Evaluation Unit.
  • Strengthening the domestic violence response in Mongolia IDLO is implementing a project in Mongolia that aims to strengthen the response to domestic violence and increase access to justice for survivors. 
  • Domestic violence in Mongolia is increasingly recognized as a significant problem. Law enforcement officials report that in 2016 domestic violence cases increased by 25 per cent in the first seven months of the year compared to the previous year. In response, the Government of Mongolia has begun to take legislative and policy steps to improve its response to the issue. While important steps continue to be taken, significant challenges remain.
  • In recent years, following a growth spur which made it the fastest growing economy in the world, Mongolia has experienced rapid economic and social downturn. Although the years of growth yielded wealth and investment, the country was unable to prepare for a recession due to corruption, inflation, distortion of the local economy and environmental degradation. One of the key obstacles to sustainable growth and development is the weak and poorly prepared judiciary.
  • Mongolia’s rapid economic and social growth over the last few years is threatened by low-quality and unenforced court decisions. Despite a series of judicial reforms launched by the Government, Mongolia still lacks the legislative framework necessary to enforce court decisions or a strategy to address a growing caseload. Moreover, bailiffs’ inadequate legal knowledge and skills weaken the credibility and efficiency of the judiciary system and impede its proper functioning.
  • Despite having reached satisfactory standards of democracy and improved the respect for human rights, Mongolia faces some serious issues in addressing high levels of domestic violence against women. Mechanisms and services for protection of and support to victims of domestic violence are still very limited. A lack of training, procedural guidelines and inter-agency coordination between justice sector actors often creates obstacles for victims and hinders an efficient response to domestic abuse. 
  • As part of IDLO’s continuous commitment to accountability and results-based management, IDLO is pleased to share this Evaluation Brief (summarised evaluation report): “Commercial Law Judicial Capacity Building in Mongolia”. The evaluation has been conducted by independent evaluation experts, supervised by IDLO’s Evaluation Unit.
  • Mongolia has formally joined IDLO,  the latest stage in an expanding partnership for the advancement the rule of law. The  first communist-ruled nation outside the Soviet Union, Mongolia has over the last two decades built a democracy that is untypical of its region. But for all the efforts of its political class and civil society, it has some way to go to improve governance, enhance access to justice, and reduce inequality.
  • Many national and foreign businesses seeking dispute resolution are still unaware that Mongolia offers faster, more cost-effective options than the courts. To promote these options, IDLO has helped establish Mongolia's first private mediation center and assisted in creating the first Mongolian corps of world-class commercial mediators. Established at the Mongolian National Chamber of Commerce and Industry, with main premises in Ulaanbaatar and a branch office in the second largest city of Darkhan, the center benefits from close proximity to Mongolia's business community.
  • Unless it boosts capacity in commercial law, Mongolia risks discouraging inward investment, not least in the vital mining sector. To avoid this happening, IDLO has been working with Mongolia's Supreme Court and Judicial General Council to improve the courts' ability to apply commercial law.  In particular, we have ensured that 24 Mongolian judges are equipped to train their peers in areas such as mining disputes, intellectual property and competition law.
  • Mongolia’s investment climate is chronically undermined by poor enforcement of rulings. In an effort to improve the enforcement rate, IDLO has been helping strengthen the Mongolian General Executive Agency of Court Decisions by  building the capacity of more than 200 bailiffs (12 of them bailiffs-trainers) in areas including sale and seizure of property, mediation and international arbitration, and conflict management.
  • The Bishkek Forum, held in the Kyrgyz capital in March 2013, was an international conference organized by IDLO to strengthen the independence of the judiciary and improve the administration of justice across much of the former Soviet space. The Forum drew chief justices from host nation Kyrgyzstan, neighbors Kazakhstan and Tajikistan, as well as regional superpower Russia, Georgia and Ukraine to discuss the effective and transparent management of courts.
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