International Development Law Organization

Mongolia

English

Landlocked and traditionally isolated, Mongolia possesses a great wealth of under-exploited natural resources, including gold, silver and copper, as well as 10% of the world's known coal reserves. Although the country is peaceful and politically stable, corruption, insufficient transparency in government affairs, and an ambiguous foreign investment legal framework have undermined its capacity to fully capitalize on its economic potential.

MONGOLIA: Let's Change Attitudes and Extend Our Love

The National Center Against Violence (NCAV - Uvurkhangai Branch) aims to effect change by educating high-risk groups and the public on domestic violence (DV) and gender-based violence-related issues and relevant legal provisions. To raise awareness and increase knowledge on human rights and DV, the Implementing Partner will train paralegals on the Law Combatting Domestic Violence (2017), provide support in organizing advocacy activities for people at risk of DV and conduct awareness-raising and advocacy at the DV consultation center through local media.

MONGOLIA: Equal Opportunity for Every Family

This sub-project aims to improve knowledge and access to information for women and children on gender-based violence (GBV) and their rights, and improve the accessibility of legal services for GBV victims. The United Force Against Violence (UFAV) will conduct a multi-stakeholder consultation on how to strengthen violence prevention, victim protection and accessibility of legal services. Recommendations will then be delivered to relevant government actors and non-governmental organizations.

MONGOLIA: Prevent Domestic Violence to Strengthen Local Women through Providing Legal Knowledge

This sub-project aims to prevent domestic violence in Mongolia by raising awareness on the characteristics of domestic violence, psychosocial features of a victim/survivor, and related legal knowledge among local women. Beautiful Hearts, in cooperation with Authority of Family, Child, and Youth Development, supports the partnership between partner organizations, delivers capacity-building trainings for paralegals on human rights and gender equality and supports their advocacy activities for local girls and women.

MONGOLIA: Promoting the Law on Combating Domestic Violence (2016): Increasing Awareness and Knowledge

The Mongolian Association of Elderly People (MAEP) aims to increase knowledge among the elderly of their rights and on domestic violence prevention. The sub-project delivers trainings to social workers on providing legal aid to the elderly in cases of domestic violence. The Implementing Partner is also developing a database of consultants for the provision of legal services and raise awareness on the available legal and social services among the local community as a whole.

MONGOLIA: Prevention of Gender-Based Violence

This sub-project aims to increase access to legal assistance and referral services for gender-based violence (GBV) and domestic violence (DV) victims. LEOS Dornod, in cooperation with the local government and other civil society organizations, provides information and raise awareness on the available referral services for DV victims. The Implementing Partner also organizes an awareness-raising campaign and advocacy activities on GBV and DV prevention and counselling services for the local community and people at-risk of GBV and DV.

MONGOLIA: Let's Know Your Rights and Let's Recognize Your Rights, Project for Women with Disability

The Mongolian National Association for Wheelchair Users (MNAWU) aims to enhance the accessibility of legal assistance for women with disabilities subjected to or at risk of domestic violence. The sub-project is training police officers on social models of disability and human rights and improving the capacity of paralegals to provide legal aid to women with disabilities and deliver counseling and mediation services to disabled women victims of domestic and gender-based violence.

MONGOLIA: School-based Violence Prevention

The Gender Equality Center (GEC) seeks to prevent and protect children and women from becoming victims of gender-based violence. The sub-project works to empower schoolteachers and social workers to talk to children and parents about domestic violence in Zamiin-Uud, Dornogovi province. To achieve its objectives, GEC delivers trainings on domestic violence and gender-based violence prevention to teachers, students and parents, while providing counselling services at school.

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Key Initiatives

  • The COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to contain it have had severe and long-lasting impacts on Mongolia. Though prevention and containment measures have successfully prevented a large-scale health crisis, extended lockdowns have negatively affected children’s access to education, psychological and physical wellbeing and reduced the capacity of the Mongolian justice system to respond to crimes against children.
  • Legal reform and institutional capacity building have been priorities for the Government of Mongolia since 2005, when a specific Government Agency for Fair Competition and Consumer Protection was established. However, the Government Agency for Fair Competition and Consumer Protection still has institutional weaknesses and has not always been able to effectively implement changes of the legal framework. ​
  • The Government of Mongolia has taken a number of legislative and policy steps aimed at tackling domestic violence. While the new legal framework undeniably offers an improved, holistic and more victim-centered approach, its practical implementation and adherence to ensuring the needs of victims requires significant technical assistance, ongoing monitoring, and effective coordination among all the relevant actors.
  • As part of IDLO’s continuous commitment to accountability and results-based management, IDLO is pleased to share this Evaluation Brief (summarised evaluation report): “Strengthening Enforcement of Court Decisions in Mongolia - Phase I and II”. The evaluation has been conducted by independent evaluation experts, supervised by IDLO’s Evaluation Unit.
  • Strengthening the domestic violence response in Mongolia IDLO is implementing a project in Mongolia that aims to strengthen the response to domestic violence and increase access to justice for survivors. 
  • Domestic violence in Mongolia is increasingly recognized as a significant problem. Law enforcement officials report that in 2016 domestic violence cases increased by 25 per cent in the first seven months of the year compared to the previous year. In response, the Government of Mongolia has begun to take legislative and policy steps to improve its response to the issue. While important steps continue to be taken, significant challenges remain.
  • In recent years, following a growth spur which made it the fastest growing economy in the world, Mongolia has experienced rapid economic and social downturn. Although the years of growth yielded wealth and investment, the country was unable to prepare for a recession due to corruption, inflation, distortion of the local economy and environmental degradation. One of the key obstacles to sustainable growth and development is the weak and poorly prepared judiciary.
  • Mongolia’s rapid economic and social growth over the last few years is threatened by low-quality and unenforced court decisions. Despite a series of judicial reforms launched by the Government, Mongolia still lacks the legislative framework necessary to enforce court decisions or a strategy to address a growing caseload. Moreover, bailiffs’ inadequate legal knowledge and skills weaken the credibility and efficiency of the judiciary system and impede its proper functioning.
  • Despite having reached satisfactory standards of democracy and improved the respect for human rights, Mongolia faces some serious issues in addressing high levels of domestic violence against women. Mechanisms and services for protection of and support to victims of domestic violence are still very limited. A lack of training, procedural guidelines and inter-agency coordination between justice sector actors often creates obstacles for victims and hinders an efficient response to domestic abuse. 
  • As part of IDLO’s continuous commitment to accountability and results-based management, IDLO is pleased to share this Evaluation Brief (summarised evaluation report): “Commercial Law Judicial Capacity Building in Mongolia”. The evaluation has been conducted by independent evaluation experts, supervised by IDLO’s Evaluation Unit.
  • Mongolia has formally joined IDLO,  the latest stage in an expanding partnership for the advancement the rule of law. The  first communist-ruled nation outside the Soviet Union, Mongolia has over the last two decades built a democracy that is untypical of its region. But for all the efforts of its political class and civil society, it has some way to go to improve governance, enhance access to justice, and reduce inequality.
  • Many national and foreign businesses seeking dispute resolution are still unaware that Mongolia offers faster, more cost-effective options than the courts. To promote these options, IDLO has helped establish Mongolia's first private mediation center and assisted in creating the first Mongolian corps of world-class commercial mediators. Established at the Mongolian National Chamber of Commerce and Industry, with main premises in Ulaanbaatar and a branch office in the second largest city of Darkhan, the center benefits from close proximity to Mongolia's business community.
  • Unless it boosts capacity in commercial law, Mongolia risks discouraging inward investment, not least in the vital mining sector. To avoid this happening, IDLO has been working with Mongolia's Supreme Court and Judicial General Council to improve the courts' ability to apply commercial law.  In particular, we have ensured that 24 Mongolian judges are equipped to train their peers in areas such as mining disputes, intellectual property and competition law.
  • Mongolia’s investment climate is chronically undermined by poor enforcement of rulings. In an effort to improve the enforcement rate, IDLO has been helping strengthen the Mongolian General Executive Agency of Court Decisions by  building the capacity of more than 200 bailiffs (12 of them bailiffs-trainers) in areas including sale and seizure of property, mediation and international arbitration, and conflict management.
  • The Bishkek Forum, held in the Kyrgyz capital in March 2013, was an international conference organized by IDLO to strengthen the independence of the judiciary and improve the administration of justice across much of the former Soviet space. The Forum drew chief justices from host nation Kyrgyzstan, neighbors Kazakhstan and Tajikistan, as well as regional superpower Russia, Georgia and Ukraine to discuss the effective and transparent management of courts.
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