Rule Of Law Responses To Climate Insecurity
The adverse physical effects of climate change undermine security and increase the risk of violent conflict, especially in contexts characterized by weak governance systems and existing social or economic grievances. The people most vulnerable to the impact of insecurity and conflict arising from climate change are those who already experience systematic exclusion and marginalization, such as women and girls, youth and children, indigenous peoples, and climate migrants.
IDLO’s Issue Brief Rule of Law Responses to Climate Insecurity highlights three key challenges that contribute to climate insecurity:
- Increased competition over scarce land and natural resources, and deteriorating livelihood conditions
- Increased migration and changing pastoral mobility patterns
- Exclusive or exploitative governance arrangements
Drawing on case studies in Burundi, Indonesia, Rwanda, and Somalia, the issue brief identifies three broad rule of law responses to climate insecurity:
- Empowering climate-vulnerable people and communities
- Building people-centred laws and institutions that promote transformative climate action
- Strengthening peace and security by preventing and resolving disputes over land and other natural resources
The issue brief concludes that people-centred justice systems and inclusive governance arrangements can together serve as a robust framework for enhancing climate action and mitigating climate insecurity risks, and proposes that climate-related threats to peace and security must be addressed through coherent multilateral action at all levels.
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